Generally Sonography Atlas of Dogs

(Allgemeiner Sonographie-Atlas von Hunden)


Respiratory system

(Atemwegssystem)


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Normal transverse image of the first tracheal ring (A) and the thoracic inlet tracheal ring (B) of a 4-year-old Yorkshire Terrier. An oval shaped hyperechoic tracheal ring (empty arrows) can be seen. The tracheal ring width can be measured between the end points (white arrows) that produce acoustic shadowing. The FTRW and TITRW are 13.4 mm and 11.1 mm, respectively. The sternohyoid (*), sternothyroid (white arrowhead) and sternocephalicus (two arrowheads) muscles are indicated. C: carotid artery, J: jugular vein, Bc: brachiocephalicus muscle, Lc: longus capitis muscle, TG: thyroid gland.

 

1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 3, 2

2811782

Journal of Veterinary Science

The Korean Society of Veterinary Science

10.4142/jvs.2008.9.4.401




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Transverse image in a 7-year-old Miniature Poodle with severe tracheal collapse. The first tracheal ring (A) shows a semicircular shadow, but the thoracic inlet tracheal ring (B) is flattened and displaced laterally. The sternohyoid muscle (*) and carotid artery (C) are seen. The FTRW (white arrows) and TITRW (black arrows) are 11.3 mm and 17.1 mm, respectively.

 

1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 3, 2

2811782

Journal of Veterinary Science

The Korean Society of Veterinary Science

10.4142/jvs.2008.9.4.401




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Pulmonary sonography. Scattered small sub pleural solid nodules.


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Pulmonary sonography. Largest small sub pleural solid nodule, diameter ~5
mm.


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Post-treatment pulmonary sonography. No sub-pleural nodules can be visualized.


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Echocardiography. Right parasternal short axis view, slightly oblique for pulmonary trunk and right pulmonary artery optimal visualization. The pulmonary arteries do not appear dilated but filarid echoes are present (white  square) within the right pulmonary artery


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Lung sonography. Small scattered well defined focallesions into the subpleural pulmonary parenchyma


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Lung sonography. Lung consolidation (hepatization) of left caudal lung lobe


Angela Di Cesare, Donato Traversa, Simone Manzocchi, Silvana Meloni, Eleonora Grillotti, Edoardo Auriemma, Fabrizio Pampurini, Cecilia Garofani, Fabrizio Ibba and Luigi Venco

"Elusive Angiostrongylus vasorum infections",

DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1047-3




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Ultrasonographic study (transverse plane) performed at the level of the fifth intercostal space of the right ventral thoracic wall. The right middle lobe (RmL) has sharp margins, is small in size, atelectatic and retracted medially. The right caudal lobe (RCdL) is partially aerated. Lateral to both of these lobes, along the thoracic wall, there is a mass in the right caudal hemithorax, with rounded margins, characterised by a liver-like echogenic tip and multiple gas bubbles reverberating in its central portion (arrow heads). This finding confirmed the corresponding vesicular gas pattern observed in the radiographs. This mass is the right cranial lung lobe (RCrL) (long arrow). An anechoic unilateral mild pleural effusion (PE) surrounds the lung lobes. (L: lateral; M: medial; Cd: caudal; Cr cranial.).


E Terzo, J Pink, A Puggioni, R Shiel, V Andreoni and H McAllister, "Right cranial lung lobe torsion after a diaphragmatic rupture repair in a Jack Russell terrier"

doi:10.1186/2046-0481-61-3-170

http://www.irishvetjournal.org/content/61/3/170




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Gesunde Lunge eines 4-jährigen Dachshundes, man sieht sehr deutlich das Zwerchfell und die anschliessende Lungenstruktur




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Pulmonary metastases in two dogsA. A small, round, soft tissue opacity is noted on this left lateral thoracic radiograph (arrow) of a Dalmatian with a history of weight loss. B. Using a left intercostal approach, a spherical hypoechoic nodule is seen at the superficial aspect of the lung (L).  Ultrasound guided fine-needle aspirate revealed a metastatic sarcoma.  An abdominal fibrosarcoma was also detected. C. This lateral thoracic radiograph in an 8-year-old Golden Retriever with a 2 week history of cough, showed numerous small soft tissue nodules affecting all lung lobes. D. Using both left and right intercostal approaches, numerous small, hypoechoic nodules (arrowheads) were observed at the superficial aspect of the lung. Fine-needle aspiration by using ultrasound guidance revealed a histiocytic sarcoma.


With special thanks to the authors of the book "Small Animal Ultrasonography" , Marc-André d’Anjou and Dominique Penninck




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall
dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Ultrasound examination of a male 3-year-old Boxer. The B-mode ultrasound examination shows the phreno-pericardial ligament (white arrows), confirming the presence of a large quantity of free fluid (FF) in the pleural space (Figure D) and the presence of an atelectatic lung lobe (arrows).

 

Pires, Sâmara Turbay, Hage, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares, Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandão de Campos Fonseca, & Hagen, Stefano Carlo Filippo. (2015). "Comparative study between radiology and ultrasound in the evaluation of extracardiac thoracic diseases in dogs and cats". https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20140192

 



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall
dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall
dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Ultrasound examination of a 15-year-old female Cocker. The B-mode ultrasound examination (Figure D), viewed from the entrance of the thorax, demonstrates a mass with heterogeneous echogenicity and echotexture. The mass has irregular borders and is in the area of the sternal lymph nodes, demonstrates calcifications dispersed throughout the tissue and forms an acoustic shadow (white arrows). The same mass is visualized at the lateral edge of the thorax (Figure E). Power Doppler evaluation shows a mottled central vascularization pattern (Figure F).

 

Pires, Sâmara Turbay, Hage, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares, Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandão de Campos Fonseca, & Hagen, Stefano Carlo Filippo. (2015). "Comparative study between radiology and ultrasound in the evaluation of extracardiac thoracic diseases in dogs and cats". https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20140192

 



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall
dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall
dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Ultrasound examination of a 17-year-old male mixed breed dog. B-mode ultrasound examination (Figures D and E) shows a small quantity of free fluid (FF) in the pleural space in the right hemithorax. Note the echoic right lung lobe (consolidation) with the presence of fluid bronchograms (black arrows). The Doppler ultrasound examination (Figure F) confirms that the structure with hyperechoic borders is a fluid bronchogram rather than a vessel.

 

Pires, Sâmara Turbay, Hage, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares, Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandão de Campos Fonseca, & Hagen, Stefano Carlo Filippo. (2015). "Comparative study between radiology and ultrasound in the evaluation of extracardiac thoracic diseases in dogs and cats". https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20140192