Generally Sonography Atlas of Dogs

(Allgemeiner Sonographie-Atlas von Hunden)


Cardiovascular system

(Kardiovaskuläres System)




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Two-dimensional  color  TDI  images  obtained  from  the right parasternal short-axis view (1A) and the left apical 4-chamber view (1B) for radial and longitudinal strain and strain rate imaging of  the  left  ventricular  free  wall respectively.  White  bars  (1  to  3) represent  sample  segments  located  within  the  left  ventricular  free wall thickness (1) for the radial motion, and at the base (2) and the apex  (3)  of  the  same  wall  for  the  longitudinal  motion.  IVS: interventricular septum. LA: left atrium. LV: left ventricle. LVFW: left ventricular free wall


Valerie Chetboul, Carolina Carlos Sampedrano, Vassiliki Gouni, Audrey P. Nicolle, Jean-Louis Pouchelon, and Renaud Tissier

"Ultrasonographic Assessment of Regional Radial and Longitudinal
Systolic Function in Healthy Awake Dogs"

DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2006.tb01802.x




dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Spectral waveform of the common carotid artery of a dog.

 

, , , ,

3851197

BMC Veterinary Research

BioMed Central

10.1186/1746-6148-9-195



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Doppler ultrasonographic examination of the common carotid artery of a dog.

 

, , , ,

3851197

BMC Veterinary Research

BioMed Central

10.1186/1746-6148-9-195



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 1: Color Doppler window depicting the mesenteric veins.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 2: Spectral trace of an interlobar artery in a kidney

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 3: Continous wave Doppler in a severe aortic stenosis. A high velocity profile (6m/s) is depicted.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


Figure 4: Pulsed wave Doppler in a normal portal vein. Using the sample volume the sonographer is able to define the studied volume, in this case it has a width of 4 mm.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 5: Aliasing. The velocity overwhelms the máximum limit in the velocity profile (red-yellow), depicting the botom of the negative velocities (green-blue). However the blood dierction does not change.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 6: Non-optimised spectral trace obtained by means of pulsed Doppler. The PRF (pulsed repetition frequency) is to low.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 7: Trombus in the medial iliac artery. The blood flow is interrupted.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 8: Metastasic Abdominal lymph node. The vessels could not be displayed using color Doppler, however the Power Doppler used in the image had sensitivity enough

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler


dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Figure 9: Left side of the image caudal vena cava spectral trace showing the typical bi- or tri phasic pattern. In the right side portal vein spectral trace.

 

Pablo Gomez Ochoa, Delia Lacasta, Ivan Sosa, Manuel Gascon, Juan Jose Ramos and Luis Miguel Ferrer (2011). Foundamentals and Applications of Abdominal Doppler, Ultrasound Imaging - Medical Applications, Prof. Oleg Minin (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-279-1, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/20333. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/ultrasound-imaging-medical-applications/foundamentals-and-applications-of-abdominal-doppler



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Herzultraschall eines Hundes

 

Mit Dank an die Tierärztlichen Spezialisten in Hamburg für die freundliche Unterstützung: http://www.tsh.de



Das gesunde Hundeherz

 

Mit Dank für die freundliche Genehmigung von Dr. med. vet. Ingo Schneider

http://tierarzt-nidderau.de



With special thanks to the authors of the book "Small Animal Ultrasonography" , Marc-André d’Anjou and
Dominique Penninck



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Left parasternal short-axis scanning technique. The transducer is positioned near the left cranial border of the heart. Cranial-caudal yields the series of short axis (SAx) images. Variable angulation in the dorsal-ventral direction may be necessary as suggested by the figure. 1: Left parasternal short-axis (LPS SAx) view at the right ventricle (RV) inflow tract. The right coronary (RC), left coronary (LC), and non-coronary (NC) cusps of the aortic (Ao) valve may be visible. 2: LPS SAx view at the RV inflow-outflow tracts. Both the inflow and outflow tracts of the right heart may be visible with subtle angulation and twist adjustments. The RC, LC, and NC cusps of the Ao valve may be visible. 3: LPS SAx view at the pulmonary trunk (PT). Division of the PT into the right and left main pulmonary arteries is seen in the far field.


With special thanks to the authors of the book "Small Animal Ultrasonography" , Marc-André d’Anjou and
Dominique Penninck



dog ultrasonography ultrasound / hund sonographie ultraschall

Thrombosis of the caudal vena cava. A-B: In this dog with renal adenocarcinoma, there is an echogenic thrombus filling most of the venous (CVC) lumen in transverse (A) and longitudinal (B) planes. More caudally, it extends into the right renal vein that is markedly distorted by the malignant thrombus (T). K, right kidney; RA, right adrenal gland; Ao, aorta. C-E: In this other dog with adrenal adenocarcinoma, a thrombus (between cursors) is detected in the CVC. This thrombus is associated with contrast enhancement in dorsal SPGR MR image (D) and extends into an abnormal left adrenal (Ad). The transverse T2w MR image (E) shows the connection between the malignant thrombus (T) and the left adrenal (Ad) through the phrenicoabdominal vein, just ventral to the aorta (Ao).

With special thanks to the authors of the book "Small Animal Ultrasonography" , Marc-André d’Anjou and
Dominique Penninck



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Hundeherz, 2D/M-Mode. Die Bewegung des Herzmuskels wird entlang der senkrechten Linie im (oberen) 2D-Bild im unteren M-Bereich aufgetragen


https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonografie

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/B_m-mode1.jpg



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Gesundes Hundeherz, Dachshund-Mix 4 Jahre




hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Pulsed wave Doppler recording of normal transmitral flow from the left apical 4-chamber view. Early (E) and late (A) diastolic filling waves are noted. Deceleration time of the E wave (DTe) is
measured as the time from peak E to return to baseline.


O'Sullivan, M. L., O'Grady, M. R. and Minors, S. L. (2007), Assessment of Diastolic Function by Doppler Echocardiography in Normal Doberman Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers with Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 21: 81–91. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2007.tb02932.x




hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Pulsed  wave  Doppler  recording  of  normal  pulmonary venous flow from the left caudal lobar pulmonary vein from the left
apical   4-chamber   view.   Systolic   (S),   diastolic   (D),   and   atrial reversal (AR) waves are noted.


O'Sullivan, M. L., O'Grady, M. R. and Minors, S. L. (2007), Assessment of Diastolic Function by Doppler Echocardiography in Normal Doberman Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers with Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 21: 81–91. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2007.tb02932.x




hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Pulsed-wave  Doppler  recording  of  normal  lateral  mitral annular motion. Sample volume position and alignment are seen in the inset 2-Dimensional image of the left atrium and ventricle from the left apical window. Systolic (Sm), early diastolic (Em), and latediastolic (Am) waves are noted.


O'Sullivan, M. L., O'Grady, M. R. and Minors, S. L. (2007), Assessment of Diastolic Function by Doppler Echocardiography in Normal Doberman Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers with Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 21: 81–91. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2007.tb02932.x

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Simultaneous M-mode and pulse-wave Doppler recording of mitral E and A waves.

Pereira, Guilherme G., Petrus, Liliam C., Santos, André L.F., Yamaki, Fernanda L., & Larsson, Maria Helena M.A.. (2009). "Evaluation of left ventricular diastolic echocardiographic parameters in healthy dogs by pulsed-wave Doppler." Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 29(4), 291-294. Retrieved February 21, 2016, from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-736X2009000400003&lng=en&tlng=en.

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Pulse-wave Doppler recording of IVRT.

 

Pereira, Guilherme G., Petrus, Liliam C., Santos, André L.F., Yamaki, Fernanda L., & Larsson, Maria Helena M.A.. (2009). "Evaluation of left ventricular diastolic echocardiographic parameters in healthy dogs by pulsed-wave Doppler." Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 29(4), 291-294. Retrieved February 21, 2016, from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-736X2009000400003&lng=en&tlng=en.

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Ultrasound of cardiomegaly. Outputs and dilated aorta cava.

 

With special thanks to  Irene García Patiño (Sombra Acústica), veterinarian at the Veterinary Clinic Argos in Cee (A Coruña, Spain). http://sombraacustica.com

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

B-mode ultrasound image. B-mode ultrasound image showing the portal vein (PV), of one dog. Diameter measurement between callipers (0.54 cm). Transverse section at the right 11th intercostals space.

 

Raquel Sartor, Maria J. Mamprim, Regina F. Takahira and Mariana F. de Almeida.

"Hemodynamic evaluation of the right portal vein in healthy dogs of different body weights".

DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-52-36

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Color Doppler mapping showing the origin of the right branch of the portal vein in one dog. Note that the axis of the vessel is very close to that of the ultrasound wave, which provides an optimal insonation angle, with the flow running towards the transducer. Longitudinal section at approximately the right 10th intercostal space (RBPV: right branch of portal vein; CVC: caudal vena cava; AA: abdominal aorta; PV: portal vein).

 

Raquel Sartor, Maria J. Mamprim, Regina F. Takahira and Mariana F. de Almeida.

"Hemodynamic evaluation of the right portal vein in healthy dogs of different body weights".

DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-52-36

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

Spectral Doppler mapping of the right branch of the portal vein (RBPV) of one dog. Longitudinal section at approximately the right 10th intercostal space. Note the insonation angle (12 degrees), which provides measurements with minimum margin of error. The flow is monophasic and presents low pulsatility.

 

Raquel Sartor, Maria J. Mamprim, Regina F. Takahira and Mariana F. de Almeida.

"Hemodynamic evaluation of the right portal vein in healthy dogs of different body weights".

DOI: 10.1186/1751-0147-52-36

 



hund sonographie ultraschall / dog ultrasonography ultrasound

M-mode  echocardiogram  of  healthy  dog - note  the lumen of right ventricle (RV), left ventricle (LV).

 

Kumar KS, Srikala D. Ascites with right heart failure in a dog: diagnosis and management. www.scopemed.org/?mno=157163 [Access: September 25, 2016]. doi:10.5455/javar.2014.a15